Poor patriotism of Russia: the Roof goes, the walls collapse
I travel around the country and see with their own eyes, as in the twenty-first century, the inhabitants of Russia are still living in the barracks. If ever they move to comfortable flats, and whether there one of the main problems of country? These questions asked each time after the next meeting with reality.
Sparkling clean buildings, manicured lawns, lined up like a ruler, and the outdoor Parking is a beautiful picture, which the Russians regularly see on TV. Many envy the next settlers-the lucky ones and can not understand when that fantastic luck will come to their house. The incense-breathing house.
The problem of decent housing in which to live, not thinking that one day your head will collapse the ceiling, there is in most Russian regions. You can take a map of Russia, and randomly stab your finger — with the big share of probability will get in the next “hot spot”.
Last fall, the Prosecutor General’s office checked the implementation of Federal legislation in the formation of regional programs for the resettlement of dilapidated housing. In these programmes in the regions throughout not included untimely or included home emergency, established prior to January 1, 2012
Violations were found in 40 regions, including the republics of Dagestan, Komi, Mordovia, North Ossetia-Alania, Tuva, Udmurt and Chuvash, Altai, TRANS-Baikal, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Perm and Primorsky territories, Amur, Astrakhan, Bryansk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Ivanovo, Irkutsk, Kaluga, Leningrad, Nizhny Novgorod, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Sverdlovsk oblasts and other regions.
So, in the Chelyabinsk region 48 houses, recognized emergency, but did not include them in the program as responsible officials simply do not have time to prepare the documents. The head of the region Boris Dubrovsky urged his subordinates to search for creative solutions during the demolition of dilapidated housing. “We need to find a creative solution, — said Dubrovsky. — Somewhere to demolish dilapidated houses should be at the expense of the municipality, to find another option and source of financing”. Such is the creative official.
But others are no better.
In Saratov, for example, 30% of housing in poor condition, and the relocation of the people revealed a lot of violations. While developers complain: the head of the region Valery Radaev makes to build housing that is not sold out, forcing to work on the statistics. Meanwhile, the existing residential area are not used for relocation.
Often it happens that the authorities are simply ignoring the acute problems of the people. In the city of Orsk of the Orenburg region in the house down the street Kramatorsk crumbling walls, people 8 years seeking relocation. And pay for their rooms as tenants for a nice two-bedroom apartment. With square meters is added and the total corridor, which is included in the account. But the mayor of Orsk Andrey Odintsov only declares that the people themselves bring the house to the state of emergency, not paying bills for utilities.
And in Strunino Vladimir region this year, the roof collapsed in a house that 5 years ago was recognized as the emergency. This “deafness” of officials everywhere.
Often to attract the attention of the authorities can only really egregious cases. For example, in Engels, Saratov region resident of one of the old homes were lost, demonstrating the utility of the decrepitude of the crumbling balcony. So, now we have to bring a human sacrifice to solve everyday problems? Like the times of the Incas and Aztecs have already passed, but in some Russian regions, it seems, enabled time machine.
In the Tambov region the problem of dilapidated housing is not solved by the local authorities, without exaggeration, decades. In the village of Berezka, where the problem with emergency home came in 2000, in inhuman conditions with mold, collapsing balconies, and rooftops, which left the name alone, trying to survive 16 families. And no complaints help.
Sometimes regional authorities are still trying to relocate residents to new housing. You probably already guessed that without creative approaches it is not complete. For example, in Bashkiria, Ufa, orphans and the poor moved in the rotting apartment of 216 families! People initially did not want to move to the “new” house, but they were forced to do it in court. The problems started immediately after the move: it turned out that in homes with bad water. The utility is not only accepted by the act house with a broken gas equipment, endangering the lives and safety of its residents, but also billed for the connection owners.
Last fall SK Bashkiria opened a criminal case on abuse of power by officials in the framework of the program of resettlement from dilapidated housing. The Fund of housing damage is estimated at 500 million rubles.
Residents of Pervouralsk (Sverdlovsk region) generally moved in a cold house with a cold battery, but with mold. In fact, people have moved from one emergency house to another emergency. The only difference is the date of construction. People addressed the city administration and the head of the region Evgeny Kuyvashev. In response, the Governor heard only, at the retreat he touted the city’s infrastructure, and which have been “positive changes tackle the housing issues of citizens, including, pereselenii from emergency houses.”
Just one question: how does all this fit in with the ambitious intentions of the Federal center? In July it was stated that the issue of emergency housing plans to a new level — the Ministry of construction has proposed to include it in a new national project “Housing”. By 2025, in the framework of the national project the Ministry of construction plans to work with the regions to spend RUB 471 billion and to settle the same emergency shelter, how many have been eliminated over the last four years of 11.2 million square metres of a key industry target incorporated in the national project, has remained unchanged — to bring in 2024 housing to 120 million sq. m.
Theoretically, the proposal of the Ministry of construction could help to solve the housing problem: people themselves can choose a new apartment without mold and with heating. But there could be a nasty surprise with the assessment of the equivalence and equivalence housing.
In Tyumen, for example, launched by analogy with Moscow, renovation of stumbled upon the fact that residents of relocated houses dissatisfied with alternative accommodation, which is offered instead. Appraisers Builder offer for old apartment in two times less than claimed by the municipality. For example, the inhabitant of the house № 41 along the street Tyumen specialists of the mayor’s office praised two-room apartment of 40 square meters to 3 million rubles, an independent appraiser Builder — 1.3 million rubles. The situation is similar in the neighbouring house No. 43.
So hundred times think, and whether it is worth to start the fight for the right to decent housing. How would not become worse.
Someone can say that the expectation from the state of new housing is a dependency and the old Soviet habit that has nothing to do with the market economy and private property, each owner must take care of their homes. But apartment home with common property. And people pay fees for the repair. Moreover, without state support, the majority of Russians hardly ever will be able to solve the housing problem.
Those who mastered the mortgage, we can be considered truly lucky. According to the Fund data “Public opinion” (FOM), does not consider the mortgage in principle, 71% of Russian respondents, another 19% admit such a possibility, 7% pay or have already paid the housing loan. Poverty is not a Vice, but a very big obstacle in the way of solving the housing problem.
Against the Russians works and what the projected real estate in the country in the near future will go up. One of the main factors is the planned government cancellation of share construction. Under the new rules, developers will no longer be able to use the funds of shareholders and will be forced to seek Bank loans. It is easy to guess that housing will automatically take off the price. Furthermore, if the banks are involved in this work, they have to create in its structure a special unit that also costs money.
On such step the government took, because in Russia for more than 150 thousand defrauded real estate investors, and local authorities are not always in a hurry to solve their problems. Ryazan, Tambov, Yekaterinburg, Chelyabinsk — anywhere you can meet people who can’t wait for their apartments. More than 60 regions suffer from this problem. So authorities have decided that it is easier to prevent the construction of equity than to restore order in each region. And leave to chance the situation can not be the insurers responsibility of the Builder who will save the little (not all apartments are insured and if there was, then for the waiting time, apartment prices have soared), and in the regions there are large social “bomb” with a clockwork mechanism. Sooner or later explode. It’s a vicious circle.
In fact, there are two main problems: either the house is not found in an emergency, or people will not relocated for many years after the recognition of this accident.
In the first case, 100% responsibility lies with the authorities of the municipality and the region who simply do not wish to spoil their statistics. In Saratov, for example, according to the city Prosecutor’s office on June 1, 484 homes have signs of accidents, but in accordance with the law as such is not recognized.
And in the second case, the collective liability is with the Federal government: the local authorities do not show initiative, blaming everything on the Federal program “Housing”, but the volume of this program are modest, that just completed the relocation of houses, recognized emergency before 2012. Excessive centralization of cash flows for the benefit did not go. Regions and municipalities must have sufficient income and be responsible for them.
Life in the destroyed apartments is not a horror story, but a reality in which reside millions of Russians. Poverty, the constant violation of the rights, the eternal lack of money even for Essentials. Such stories — not exotic enough to travel 200-300 km from Moscow. Most of the above examples I’ve seen personally. Even called this avtotur “Real Russia”. And I advise our officials on this route to travel. And I live in a parallel world with its Golden fountains, like in Vladimir or, as in Saratov, where allocate 300 million roubles for repair of the interior of the circus. But only people not laughing in this “tent”…
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